State Percent of Poverty Guidelines for LIHEAP Components
Note: The LIHEAP statute (Section 2605(b)(2)(b) of Public Law 97- 35) established 150 percent of the poverty guidelines(FPG) as a maximum income level allowed in determining LIHEAP eligibility, except where 60 percent of a state's median income (SMI) is higher. Effective in FY 1995, income eligibility criteria for LIHEAP may not be set lower than 110 percent of the federal poverty income guidelines, but priority may be given to households with the highest energy costs or needs in relation to income. The federal government sets the poverty guidelines in February of every year and publishes them in the Federal Register.
States may adopt the year's new guidelines at any time between the date of publication in the Federal Register and the first day of the next fiscal year or by the beginning of the grantee's fiscal year, whichever is later. For LIHEAP, the majority of states use the prior year guidelines until the first day of the next fiscal year in order to avoid changing guidelines in the middle of their program year. Most states start their new fiscal year October 1; however, a few states start theirs July 1 and those states, along with several that operate summer cooling programs, adopt the most recent guidelines in June or July.
Tables: As noted above, these income levels are used by most states through September 2013.
Poverty Guidelines for Optional Use in federal Fiscal Year 2012 LIHEAP
Programs and Mandatory Use in Federal Fiscal Year 2013 LIHEAP Programs,
- State Median Income Estimates for Optional Use in Federal Fiscal Year 2012 LIHEAP Programs and Mandatory Use in Federal Fiscal Year 2013 LIHEAP Programs, dated 3/15/12
The Percent of Poverty Table below, compiled by the LIHEAP Clearinghouse, shows the percent of federal poverty guidelines (FPG) or state's median income (SMI) to be used by states in determining eligibility for LIHEAP components in FY 2013. Although states can have a different poverty level for each component (crisis, cooling and weatherization) the majority use the same poverty level for all components. View a graph of state income eligibility limits for FY 2013.
State Heat Crisis Wx Comment Alabama 150 FPG 150 FPG Alaska 150 FPG Arizona 60 SMI 60 SMI 60 SMI is used for households with 6 or less members; 150 FPG is used for households with 7 or more members Arkansas 150 FPG 150 FPG California 60 SMI 60 SMI Colorado 150 FPG 150 FPG Connecticut 150 FPG Heating and crisis: 200% FPG for seniors and disabled Delaware 200 FPG 200 FPG Dist. of Columbia 60 SMI 60 SMI Florida 150 FPG 125 FPG Georgia 60 SMI 60 SMI Hawaii 150 FPG Idaho 150 FPG 150 FPG Illinois 150 FPG Indiana 150 FPG 150 FPG Iowa 150 FPG Kansas 130 FPG Kentucky 130 FPG Louisiana 60 SMI 60 SMI Maine 150 FPG
Eligibility is 150% FPG or 60 SMI whichever is less. Eligibility for households with incomes between 150% and 170% FPG is limited to those households with a member who is susceptible to hypothermia, such as elderly, a child twenty-four months of age or under, or with a doctor's diagnosis. Maryland 175 FPG 175 FPG Massachusetts 60 SMI 60 SMI Michigan Minnesota 50 SMI 50 SMI Mississippi 60 SMI Missouri 135 FPG Montana 60 SMI 60 SMI 150% FPG for households with 8 or more members Nebraska 116 FPG 116 FPG Nevada 125 FPG 125 FPG New Hampshire 200 FPG
Income guidelines may be increased to 60% of the state median income (SMI) if funds are available later in the program year. All households with incomes up to 60% SMI are encouraged to apply. New Jersey 200 FPG 200 FPG New Mexico 150 FPG 150 FPG New York 60 SMI 60 SMI Can use 150 FPG if greater than 60 SMI North Carolina North Dakota 60 SMI 60 SMI Ohio 60 SMI 60 SMI Oklahoma 110 FPG 60 SMI Oregon 60 SMI 60 SMI Pennsylvania 150 FPG Rhode Island 60 SMI 60 SMI South Carolina 150 FPG 150 FPG South Dakota 175 FPG 175 FPG 175% FPG (1-6 household members), 60% SMI (7 members), 150% FPG (8 or more members) for all components Tennessee 150 FPG 150 FPG Texas 125 FPG 125 FPG Utah 150 FPG 150 FPG Vermont Virginia 130 FPG Washington 125 FPG 125 FPG May use 200 FPG or 60 SMI for weatherization but priority is given to 125 FPG. West Virginia 130 FPG Wisconsin 60 SMI 60 SMI Wyoming 60 SMI 60 SMI
Source: FY 2013 State LIHEAP, state plans and interviews with state directors in late 2012
2012/2013 Federal Poverty Guidelines for a Family Size of Four
Poverty Level 100% 110% 125% 150% 175% 200% 48 contiguous states and D.C. $23,050 $25,355 $28,813 $34,575 $40,338 $46,100 Alaska $28,820 $31,702 $36,025 $43,230 $50,435 $57,640 Hawaii $26,510 $29,161 $33,138 $39,765 $46,393 $53,020